It is essential to analyze civilizations (rather than states), or economic or political systems, as units, in the spirit of seeking solutions rather than making condemnations. Even if the deep roots of violence and war are part of the cosmology which in turn is collective and subconscious, there may be ways of breaking the collective into sub-collectives and individuals and ways of making
Four forces have been major cause of the development of violence in the African macro-cultural level: religion, technology, economy, and empires. These have not always acted separately and often have supported each other. For example, the expansion of Christianity started with the conversion of Emperor Constantine I of Rome in the year 313. The religious conversion of an emperor started the process
Strangled in the North, the Equator– Ngbadolite, Ngemena, to the Ubangui border– In the center, Tetela land–
In the south, the land of copper, Katanga, Cornered on all sides, deprived country, Following the indomitable flows of its destiny.
Screams are so deep,
Yet the silence around, so guilty. Today, his ride is clothed
With the shameful
Diagnosis: Negative Leadership
In the 60s, most of the African countries snatched precipitately their independences from the colonialists. Most of the time without a broad and unify vision to reconcile the leadership and the popular emancipatory aspirations of the people. In this context, without considering the specificity of the continent history, the victory of emancipation was short-lived and
Nyatiti is an eight-stringed plucked lyre from Kenya. It is a classical instrument used by the Luo people located in the Nyanza western region in Kenya. It is about three feet long. The player of Nyatiti holds it to his chest, seated on a low stool, with the base firmly to the ground. Usually it is played together with the oporo, a curved horn
Goyo Otenga is the dance for Nyatiti music.
Dave Zirin is the author of Welcome to the Terrordome: The Pain, Politics and Promise of Sports (Haymarket Books, 2007), The Muhammad Ali Handbook (MQ Publications, 2007), and What’s My Name, Fool? (Haymarket Books, 2005). He is Press Action’s 2005 and